80: ἀδελφός

Noun, Masculine


Dodson dictionary

G80 ἀδελφός, οῦ, ὁ

Transliteration: adelphós

Part(s) of speech: Noun, Masculine

Definition: a brother, member of the same religious community, especially a fellow-Christian.

From: Public Domain Greek-English lexicon by John Jeffrey Dodson (2010)

Strong's Greek Dictionary

G80 ἀδελφός

Transliteration: adelphós

Derivation: from G1 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς (delphýs) (the womb);

Definition: a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like G1)

From: Strong's Greek Dictionary by James Strong (1890)

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Abbott-Smith Lexicon

ἀδελφός

G80 

Occurrences in the NT: 343

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ
(< ἀ- copul., δελφύς, womb),
in cl., a brother, born of the same parent or parents. [In LXX (Hort, Ja., 102 f.), for אָח;]
1. lit. of a brother (Ge 4:2, al.).
2. Of a neighbour (Le 19:17).
3. Of a member of the same nation (Ex 2:14, De 15:3). In NT in each of these senses (1. Mt 1:2, al.; 2. Mt 7:3; 3. Ro 9:3) and also,
4. of a fellow-Christian: I Co 1:1, Ac 9:30. This usage finds illustration in π., where ἀ. is used of members of a pagan religious community (M, Th., I, 1:4; MM, VGT, s.v.). The ἀδελφοὶ τ. Κυρίου (Mt 12:46-49 13:55 28:10, Mk 3:31-34, Lk 8:19-21, Jo 2:12 7:3, 5 10 20:17, Ac 1:14, I Co 9:5) may have been sons of Joseph and Mary (Mayor, Ja., Intr. viff.; DB, i, 320 ff.) or of Joseph by a former marriage (Lft., Gal., 252ff.; DCG, i, 232 ff.), but the view of Jerome, which makes ἀ. equivalent to ἀνεψιός, is inconsistent with Greek usage. (Cremer, 66.)

From: Abbott-Smith, George, "A Manual Greek-English Lexicon of the Greek New Testament", 1922. Public Domain.

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Occurrences in the Greek New Testament

Text: Nestle's 1904 edition