4561: σάρξ

Noun, Feminine


Dodson dictionary

G4561 σάρξ, σαρκός, ἡ

Transliteration: sárx

Part(s) of speech: Noun, Feminine

Definition: flesh, body, human nature, materiality; kindred.

From: Public Domain Greek-English lexicon by John Jeffrey Dodson (2010)

Strong's Greek Dictionary

G4561 σάρξ

Transliteration: sárx

Derivation: probably from the base of G4563;

Definition: flesh (as stripped of the skin), i.e. (strictly) the meat of an animal (as food), or (by extension) the body (as opposed to the soul (or spirit), or as the symbol of what is external, or as the means of kindred), or (by implication) human nature (with its frailties (physically or morally) and passions), or (specially), a human being (as such)

From: Strong's Greek Dictionary by James Strong (1890)

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Abbott-Smith Lexicon

σάρξ

G4561 

Occurrences in the NT: 147

σάρξ, σαρκός, ἡ
[in LXX chiefly for בָּשָׂר ;]
flesh;
1. as in cl. generally,
(a) prop., of the soft substance of the animal body: I Co 15:39, II Co 12:7, Ga 6:13, al.; σ. καὶ αἷμα, I Co 5:50; σ. καὶ ὀστέα, Lk 24:39; pl., of the flesh of many or parts of the flesh of one (cl.), Re 17:16 19:18; φαγεῖν, Re, ll. c. (cf. κατεσθίειν, IV Ki 9:36, al., and βιβρώσκειν, freq. in l.); metaph., Ja 5:3; mystically, φ. (τρώγειν) τὴν σ. τοῦ υἱοῦ τ. ἀνθρώπου, Jo 6:52-56;
(b) Of the whole substance of the body, = σῶμα: Ac 2:26 (LXX), 31, II Co 12:7, Ga 4:14, Eph 5:29; μία σ., Mk 10:8; εἰς σ. μίαν (Ge 2:24), Mt 19:5, Mk 10:8, I Co 6:16, Eph 5:31; hence, of the material as opp. to the immaterial part of man (cf. Lft., Notes, 88): opp. to πνεῦμα, I Co 5:5, II Co 7:1, Col 2:5, I Pe 3:18, 4:6; to ψύχη, Ac 2:31, Rec.; of the present life, ἐν (τῇ) σ., Ro 7:5, Ga 2:20, Phl 1:22, 24 I Pe 4:2; of Christ's life on earth, αἱ ἡμέραι τ. σαρκὸς αὐτοῦ, He 5:7; of things pertaining to the body, ἐν (τῇ) σ., Ga 6:12, 13, Phl 3:3, 4.
2. As in Heb. idiom,
(a) of a living creature: πᾶσα σ. (Heb. כָּל־בָּשָׂר; cf. Bl., § 47, 9), Mt 24:22, Mk 13:20, I Pe 1:24; esp. of man and his mortality (Ps 55 (56):5, Si 28:5, al.), Jo 1:14; πᾶσα σ. (v. supr.), Lk 3:6, Jo 17:2, Ac 2:17, ἐν σ., I Jo 4:2, I Ti 3:16;
(b) of natural origin and relationship (Ge 2:24, Is 58:7, al.): τέκνα τῆς σ., Ro 9:8; κατὰ σάρκα, ib. 3, 5, I Co 10:18, Ga 4:23, 29; ἡ σ. μου, Ro 11:14 (cf. Jg 9:2, II Ki 5:1, al.).
3. Of the physical nature as subject to sensation and desire (Plut.),
(a) without any ethical disparagement: Ro 7:18 13:14; opp. to πνεῦμα, Mt 26:41, Mk 14:38; τ. θέλημα τῆς σ., Jo 1:13; ἡ ἐπιθυμία τῆς σ., I Jo 2:16; pl., II Pe 2:18; παθεῖν σαρκί, I Pe 4:1;
(b) in ethical sense, esp. in Pauline Epp., of the flesh as the seat and vehicle of sinful desires: opp. to νοῦς, Ro 7:25; to πνεῦμα, Ro 8:4-9, 12, 13, Ga 5:16, 17, 19 6:8 (cf. DB, ii, 14f.; iv, 165f.; Cremer, 844 ff.).

From: Abbott-Smith, George, "A Manual Greek-English Lexicon of the Greek New Testament", 1922. Public Domain.

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Occurrences in the Greek New Testament

Text: Nestle's 1904 edition