4190: πονηρός

Adjective


Dodson dictionary

G4190 πονηρός, ά, όν

Transliteration: ponērós

Part(s) of speech: Adjective

Definition: evil, bad, wicked, malicious, slothful.

From: Public Domain Greek-English lexicon by John Jeffrey Dodson (2010)

Strong's Greek Dictionary

G4190 πονηρός

Transliteration: ponērós

Derivation: from a derivative of G4192;

Definition: hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners

From: Strong's Greek Dictionary by James Strong (1890)

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Abbott-Smith Lexicon

πονηρός

G4190 

Occurrences in the NT: 78

πονηρός, -ά, -όν
(< πονέω, to toil), [in LXX chiefly for רַע;]
1.
(a) of persons, oppressed by toils (Hes.);
(b) of things, toilsome, painful (καιρός, Si 51:12): Eph 5:16 6:13, Re 16:2.
2. bad, worthless;
(a) in physical sense: καρπός, Mt 7:17, 18;
(b) in ethical sense, bad, evil, wicked;
(α) of persons: Mt 7:11 12:34, 35 18:32 25:26, Lk 6:45 11:13 19:22, Ac 17:5, II Th 3:2, II Ti 3:13; γενεά, Mt 12:39, 45 16:4, Lk 11:29; πνεῦμια, Mt 12:45, Lk 7:21 8:2 11:26, Ac 19:12, 13, 15, 16; as subst., οἱ π., opp. to δίκαιοι, Mt 13:49; to ἀγαθοί, Mt 5:45 22:10; οἱ ἀχάριστοι καὶ π., Lk 6:35; sing., ὁ π., Mt 5:39, I Co 5:13; id. esp. of Satan, the evil one, Mt 5:37 6:13 (v. Lft., Notes, 125 ff.; but cf. McN, in l.) 13:19, 38, Lk 11:4 (WH, R, om.), Jo 17:15, Eph 6:16, II Th 3:3 (Lft., Notes, 125 ff.), I Jn 2:13, 14 3:12 Jn 5:18, 19;
(β) of things: Mt 5:11 12:35 15:19, Lk 6:22, 45, Jo 3:19 7:7, Ac 18:14 25:18, Ga 1:4, Col 1:21, I Ti 6:4, II Ti 4:18, He 3:12 10:22, Ja 2:4 4:16, I Jn 3:12, II Jn 11, III Jn 10; ὀφθαλμός (q.v.), Mt 6:23 20:15, Mk 7:22, Lk 11:34; as subst., neut., τὸ π., Ac 28:21, I Th 5:22; opp. to ἀγαθόν, Lk 6:45, Ro 12:9; pl., Mt 9:4, Mk 7:23, Lk 3:19.†
SYN.: v.s. ἄθεσμος.

From: Abbott-Smith, George, "A Manual Greek-English Lexicon of the Greek New Testament", 1922. Public Domain.

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Occurrences in the Greek New Testament

Text: Nestle's 1904 edition