1487: εἰ

CONDitional particle or conjunction


Dodson dictionary

G1487 εἰ

Transliteration: ei

Part(s) of speech: CONDitional particle or conjunction

Definition: if.

From: Public Domain Greek-English lexicon by John Jeffrey Dodson (2010)

Strong's Greek Dictionary

G1487 εἰ

Transliteration: ei

Derivation: a primary particle of conditionality;

Definition: if, whether, that, etc.

From: Strong's Greek Dictionary by James Strong (1890)

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Abbott-Smith Lexicon

εἰ

G1487  G1489  G1490  G1499  G1508  G1509  G1512  G1513 

Occurrences in the NT: 507

εἰ, conjunctive particle, used in conditions and in indirect questions.
I. Conditional, if;
1. c. indic., expressing a general assumption;
(a) pres.: seq. indic, pres., Mt 11:14, Ro 8:25, al.; seq. imperat., Mk 4:23 9:22, Jo 15:18, I Co 7:9, al.; seq. fut. indic., Lk 16:31, Ro 8:11, al.; seq. pf. or aor., with negation in apodosis, Mt 12:26, Ro 4:14, al.; similarly, seq. impf., Lk 17:6, Jo 8:39; seq. quæst., Mt 6:23, Jo 5:47 7:23 8:46, I Pe 2:20;
(b) fut.: Mt 26:33, I Pe 2:20;
(c) pf.: Jo 11:12, Ro 6:5, al.;
(d) aor.: Lk 16:11 19:8, Jo 13:32, 18:23, Re 20:15, al.
2. Where the assumption is certain = ἐπεί: Mt 12:28, Jo 7:4, Ro 5:17, al.
3. Of an unfulfilled condition, c. indic, impf., aor. or plpf., seq. ἄν, c. imp. or aor. (v.s. ἄν, I, i).
4. C. indic., after verbs denoting wonder, etc., sometimes, but not always, coupled with an element of doubt: Mk 15:44, I Jo 3:13, al.
5. C. indic., as in LXX (Nu 14:3o, I Ki 14:45, al. = Heb. אִם), in oaths, with the formula of imprecation understood in a suppressed apodosis (WM, 627; Burton, §272): Mk 8:12, He 3:11 (LXX) 4:3 (LXX).
6. Rarely (cl.) c. optat., to express a merely possible condition: Ac 24:19 27:39, I Co 14:10 15:37, I Pe3:14, 17.
II. Interrogative, if, whether.
1. As in cl., in indir. questions after verbs of seeing, asking, knowing, saying, etc.: c. indic. pres., Mt 26:63, Mk 15:36, Ac 19:2, II Co 13:5, al.; fut., Mk 3:2, Ac 8:22, al.; aor., Mk 15:44, I Co 1:16, al.; c. subjc. aor. (M, Pr., 194), Phl 3:12.
2. As in LXX (= Heb. אִם and interrog. הֲ, Ge 17:17, al.; v. WM, 639 f.; Viteau, i, 22), in direct questions: Mk 8:23 (Tr., WH, txt.), Lk 13:23, 22:49, Ac 19:2, al.
III. With other particles.
1. εἰ ἄρα, εἴγε, εἰ δὲ μήγε, v.s. ἄρα, γε.
2. εἰ δὲ καί, but if also: Lk 11:18; but even if, I Co 4:7, II Co 4:3 11:16.
3. εἰ δὲ μή, but if not, but if otherwise: Mk 2:21, 22, Jo 14:2, Re 2:5, al.
4. εἰ καί, if even, if also, although: Mk 14:29, Lk 11:8, I Co 7:21, II Co 4:16, Phl 2:17, al.
5. καὶ εἰ, even if, v.s. καί
6. εἰ μή, if not, unless, except, but only: Mt 24:22, Mk 2:26 6:5, Jo 9:33, I Co 7:17 (only), Ga 1:19 (cf. ἐὰν μή, 2:16; v. Hort., Ja., xvi); ἐκτὸς εἰ μή, pleonastic (Bl., §65, 6), I Co 14:5 15:2, I Ti 5:19.
7. εἰ μήν = cl. ἦ μήν (M, Pr., 46), in oaths, surely (Ez 33:27, al.): He 6:14.
8. εἴ πως, if haply: Ac 27:12, Ro 1:10.
9. εἴτε . . . εἴτε, whether . . . or: Ro 12:6-8, I Co 3:22 13:8, al.

From: Abbott-Smith, George, "A Manual Greek-English Lexicon of the Greek New Testament", 1922. Public Domain.

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Occurrences in the Greek New Testament

Text: Nestle's 1904 edition